How Hot Does It Get In A Microwave?

The Maximum Temperature is Different Than a Regular Oven

Microwaves are one of the most convenient household appliances. They can heat anything in just a few minutes and save you the hassle of preheating your oven. The best aspect of microwaves is how quickly they get the job done. It saves you time, and you get to eat faster. What’s there not to like?

Microwaves are capable of doing much more than just warming up leftovers. If you want to cook something more complicated, you will need to know how hot does it get in a microwave. This article has all the knowledge you need to be a microwave expert and know exactly how hot it gets in a microwave.

What is a Microwave?

What you typically refer to as a microwave is called a microwave oven. A microwave oven is a kitchen appliance that uses electricity. This kitchen appliance uses microwaves to heat food. Microwave ovens are very popular because they cook food quickly and efficiently.

Microwaves are a common kitchen appliance, and they are often used to reheat cooked food or to defrost frozen food rapidly. They are also effective at heating or warming foods that could take a long time to cook, like butter, fats, soup, or oatmeal. It would take much longer to cook these foods on a stove than in a microwave.

Even though they are called microwave ovens, they are not the same as a regular oven. Conventional ovens will brown or caramelize the food placed inside of them. A microwave oven cannot do this.

How Does a Microwave Work?

A microwave cooks or warms up food by releasing electromagnetic radiation of the microwave frequency. A microwave oven contains a magnetron, an electron tube that produces microwaves that contain this microwave radiation which results in the microwave heating of food that is placed in the microwave oven.

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How a Microwave Actually Works

The microwaves are then sent into the cooking chamber, bouncing around until the food absorbs them. The microwaves vibrate the water molecules and produce heat. The waves can penetrate deeply into microwaved food, resulting in microwave energy heating up food quickly.

The microwave radiation released inside a microwave oven cause the polar or charged molecules in the food to move around and produce thermal (heat) energy. This process is known as dielectric heating. Polar molecules are easy to move, so this is why microwaves are effective at heating food quickly.

Water is a polar molecule, which is why foods with a high water content warm up too quickly in a microwave.

Photo of a man microwaving a tv dinner

Photo of a man removing prepackaged food from a microwave oven

History of the Microwave

A microwave is an electromagnetic wave with a frequency between 300 MHz and 300 GHz, corresponding to wavelengths between 0.001 m and 0.01 m. The name comes from microwaves that were first used in World War II for radar signals, which can penetrate fog and clouds.

After the war, microwaves were used in communications. In the 1950s, Percy Spencer, an engineer working for Raytheon, discovered that microwaves could be used to cook food when he noticed that a candy bar in his pocket had melted.

Spencer's experience with the melted candy bar led to the development of the first microwave ovens.

How Hot Does a Microwave Get?

This is a tricky question to answer. A microwave oven does not get hot like a conventional oven. Conventional ovens measure their temperature in degrees Fahrenheit, while a microwave oven measures its temperature in wattage. Photo of a smoking microwave oven

Photo of a smoking microwave

It is imperative to know the wattage of your microwave. The wattage on your microwave is similar to the temperature of a conventional oven. The higher the wattage, the larger amount of energy the microwave will put into the food and the faster it will cook.

Most microwaves come in wattages between 700 - 1200 watts. Many microwaves will let you select the wattage being used. Many people do not know the wattage of their microwave. Not knowing the wattage is similar to not knowing how hot it gets in a microwave. This is essential information to know.

You can find the wattage of your microwave in the manual, on the box, or somewhere on the microwave. It is usually written on the door, the back of the microwave, or the bottom.

Microwave cooking instructions assume that a microwave is 700 watts. If your microwave is larger than 700 watts, then you should reduce the cooking time by 10% for every 100 watts your microwave is over the average of 700.

For example, if your microwave is 1,000 watts, you would decrease the cooking time by 30%. Photo of a man removing pasta from a microwave

Heat in the microwave is from the warm food that is placed inside of your microwave

For example, say you want to cook a potato in the microwave. A small potato of about five ounces will take two minutes to cook at 700 watts. A larger potato, about 12 ounces, will take four minutes to cook at 700 watts. But, if you cook the small potato at 1000 watts, it will only take one minute and 15 seconds to cook.

As you can see, the wattage of your microwave plays a significant role in how hot it can get in a microwave.

The Wattage of a Microwave

If your microwave has multiple wattage settings, you can adjust how hot it gets in a microwave when cooking different kinds of food. Here are some standard wattage settings on microwaves and how they work:

  • 700 watts: This is the most common setting on microwaves, and it works for cooking or reheating food
  • 1000 watts: This setting works for cooking food quickly
  • 1200 watts: This setting works for defrosting frozen food

You can correlate the higher wattage of a microwave with increased temperature in a conventional oven. A 700-watt microwave is like cooking something in a 350-degree oven. An 800-watt microwave is like cooking something in a 450-degree oven. A 900-watt microwave is like cooking something in a 525-degree oven. Finally, an 1100-watt microwave is like cooking something in a 625-degree oven.

Based on the increase in temperature. It is easy to see why larger microwaves cook things faster. The higher the microwave wattage, the faster it will cook your food. It is important to remember this if you want to avoid burning your popcorn.

In addition to knowing how hot it does get in a microwave and the wattage of your microwave, there are other helpful tips to know about cooking with a microwave.

  • The higher the water content, the faster a microwave will cook. If you are warming up something dry, it can be helpful to sprinkle some water on it to help it cook faster.
  • Small pieces of food will cook much faster than a single large portion.
  • Foods with fat or sugar in it will cook faster in a microwave.
  • The middle part of the microwave is the hottest - and heat distribution in a microwave isn't uniform. We've all witnessed hot spots and cold spots in our microwaved food. Removing food from the microwave and stirring it will cause it to heat more evenly.

What if My Microwave Gets Too Hot?

Now that you know “how hot does a microwave get?”, you might be wondering what to do if a microwave gets too hot. Thankfully, microwaves have built-in safety features that will keep you safe. A microwave will not overheat as long as the safety features are still working. Look at the owner's manual to learn more about the safety features of your microwave.

What Does Microwave Safe Mean?

Some cookware is microwave safe, while other cookware should never be put in the microwave.  As an example, some plastics will leach into food when heated in the microwave.  This can even happen well below the highest temperature settings of the microwave.  Don’t ever put a plastic container in the microwave unless the manufacturer explicitly states that it is a microwave safe container.  You can find this information in the original product’s packaging and instructions, and many plastic containers have microwave safe labels on the bottom of the container. 

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Frank Salvatore

Hey there - I'm Frank Salvatore. I created this site as a comprehensive kitchen resource. You'll find everything you need to know about everything in your kitchen. From appliances to utensils and layout - it is covered on this site!

About Me

I created this site as a comprehensive kitchen resource. You'll find everything you need to know about everything in your kitchen. From appliances to utensils and layout - it is covered on this site!
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